- Professor of earth and environmental sciences
- Michigan State University
Bruno Basso, professor of earth and environmental sciences, integrates diverse disciplines such as biophysics, climatology, hydrology, genetics, agronomy and soil science to understand the spatial and temporal variabilities of crop yield and environmental outcomes in agricultural systems. With a focus on sustainable row crop production, Basso is harnessing advanced UAV technology and predictive process-based models to quantify the impact of current and future climate, soil, genetics and management on crop yield and ecosystem services. He is also a faculty member of MSU’s W.K. Kellogg Biological Station.
Bruno Basso’s research deals mainly with water, carbon, nitrogen cycling and modeling in agro-ecosystems, and spatial analysis of crop yield. Basso’s modeling research has focused on extending soil-crop-atmosphere models to spatial domains at the field scale, and in particular on developing, testing, and deploying SALUS, a next-generation process-based model that integrates crop productivity with water, carbon, and nutrient fluxes in a spatially explicit manner. Through this research, it has been possible to integrate the effects of topography and soil properties on soil water balance, and thereby partition surface vs. subsurface flows in different landscape positions. This has important value for better understanding and predicting nitrogen conservation patterns in cropped landscapes as well as soil carbon change – and has led to important insights for the likely effects of climate change on carbon and water footprints of future cropping systems, as noted in recent publications.
Asseng, S., Ewert, F., Rosenzweig, C., Jones, J. W., Hatfield, J. L., Ruane, A. C., … Wolf, J. (2013). Uncertainty in simulating wheat yields under climate change. Nature Climate Change, 3(9), 827–832. https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate1916
Asseng, S., Ewert, F., Martre, P., Rötter, R. P., Lobell, D. B., Cammarano, D., … Zhu, Y. (2014). Rising temperatures reduce global wheat production. Nature Climate Change, 5(2), 143–147. https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2470
Bassu, S., Brisson, N., Durand, J.-L., Boote, K., Lizaso, J., Jones, J. W., … Waha, K. (2014). How do various maize crop models vary in their responses to climate change factors? Global Change Biology, 20(7), 2301–2320. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.12520
Basso, B., Ritchie, J. T., Pierce, F. J., Braga, R. P., & Jones, J. W. (2001). Spatial validation of crop models for precision agriculture. Agricultural Systems, 68(2), 97–112. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0308-521x(00)00063-9
Sartori, L., Basso, B., Bertocco, M., & Oliviero, G. (2005). Energy Use and Economic Evaluation of a Three Year Crop Rotation for Conservation and Organic Farming in NE Italy. Biosystems Engineering, 91(2), 245–256. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2005.03.010